About Dr. Thomas Chappell, MD

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CURRICULUM VITAE


EDUCATIONAL HISTORY

University of North Carolina B.A. (Chemistry)
Chapel Hill, North Carolina 1981

North Carolina State University M.S. (Physiology)
Raleigh, North Carolina 1982 (1985)

Bowman Gray School of Medicine M.D.
Winston-Salem, North Carolina 1987

George Washington University Hospital Surgery Internship
Washington, D.C. 1988

George Washington University Hospital Resident in Neurosurgery
Washington, D.C. 1988-1994

APPOINTMENTS AND PRACTICE
Clinical Instructor Oct., 2005 – Current
Department of Neurosurgery
University of California, Irvine
Building 56, Room 400
Orange, CA 92868-3298

Associate Clinical Professor May, 2001 – Sept., 2005
Department of Neurosurgery
University of California, Irvine
Building 56, Room 400
Orange, CA 92868-3298

Chief of the Division of Neurosurgery Sept.,1997 – April, 2001
University of California Davis – East Bay
1411 East 31st Street
Oakland, California 94602

Clinical Assistant Professor, Neurosurgery Sept., 1996 – Aug., 1997
University of California-San Diego
c/o Kern Medical Center, Dept Surgery
1830 Flower Street
Bakersfield, CA 93305

Clinical Assistant Professor July, 1994 – Aug., 1996
Department of Surgery, UC Davis-East Bay
1411 East 31st Street
Oakland, California 94602

MEDICAL LICENSURE
Licensee of the Commonwealth of Virginia, #0101045527
Department of Health Professions (1990 – 1993)
Licensee of the District of Columbia, #19538
Professional Licensing Administration (1992 – 1994)
Licensee of the State of California, #G078763
Department of Consumer Affairs (1994) (Current)

BOARD CERTIFICATION
National Board of Medical Examiners, Diplomat 1993
American Board of Neurological Surgery 2000

RESIDENCY TRAINING ELECTIVES
Participated in the development of a Throughout residency training Linac-based Radiosurgery treatment Unit
Barton L. Guthrie, M.D., Professor Neurology Oct-Dec
1990 University of California San Francisco, CA

Neuropathology (includes Armed Forces Institute January – March
1991of Pathology, Neuropathology Review)

Mini-fellowship in Surgical Neuro-oncology
Philip H. Gutin, M.D., Professor
University of California April – June, 1991
San Francisco, CA (includes 2 weeks of Linacradiosurgery)

Radiosurgery May, 1991
William A. Friedman, M.D., Professor
University of Florida, Gainsville

Basic Science Research – glial tumor cell AANS Research Award motility 1991 – 1993

Pediatric Neurosurgery July – December, 1992
Children’s Hospital National Medical Center Washington, DC 20010

Skull Base Surgery July – December, 1993
Chief Resident for Laligam N. Sekhar, MD

ACADEMIC AND RESEARCH HONORS AND SUPPORT
Member of the Dean of Education’s
Medical Foundation Scholars 1984 – 1987
NIH Medical Student 1984 – 1985 and
Research Fellowships 1985 – 1986
Richard L. Burt Undergraduate
Research Award 1987
Runner-up for the Golden Apple
Teaching Award for Residents 1990
AANS Research Fellowship Award 1991 – 1993
Harry H. Kerr Essay Award
Runner-Up 1991
3rd place 1993

SOCIETY MEMBERSHIPS (not all current)
– Fellow, American College of Surgeons (1992)
– Member, American Association of Neurological Surgeons (1992)
– Member, Congress of Neurological Surgeons (1989)
– Member, Joint Section on Tumors of AANS/CNS (1992)
– Member, American Brain Injury Consortium (1995)
– Member, North American Skull Base Society (1994)
– American (World) Society of Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery (1991)
– Member, Society of Neurological Surgeons of Orange County (2001)
– Member, American Paraplegia Society (2002)
– Member, Neurocritical Care Society (2003)
– Member, Western Neurosurgical Society (2004)

ACADEMIC INTERESTS AND SPECIAL TRAINING
Stereotaxic Techniques (Radiosurgery, Brachytherapy, Volume resection, Frameless).
Skull Base Techniques (six months as chief resident for Laligam Sekhar, M.D.).
The implementation of these techniques in neuro-oncology and cerebrovascular disease
Comprehensive Neurotrauma (Critical care, spinal instrumentation)
Minimally Invasive Spinal Surgery
Endoscopic and Minimally Invasive Cranial Surgery
Teaching and Training of Students and Residents.

COMMITTEE PARTICIPATION
Committee on Bioethics (1995 – 1997)
Committee on Tissue Management (1994 – 1997)
Credentials Committee (1994 – 1996, 1997 – 2001)
Bi-county Trauma Audit Committee (1994 – 1996, 1997 – 2001)
Nominating Committee (1999 – 2000)
Nominated for Vice-president of the Medical Staff (2000)
Trauma Committee (June, 2001 – 2005)
Trauma Performance Improvement Committee (May, 2001 – 2005)
Operating Room Committee, (March, 2002 – 2004)
ICU Committee (May 2001 – 2005)
Institutional Review Board (April 2003 – present)
Minimally Invasive Surgery Group (December 2003 – 2005)

PUBLICATIONS

Senior Medical Editor. ABILITY Magazine. Editor-in-Chief, Chet Cooper.

ABSTRACTS
1. Chappell, E.T., and Turner, J.E. THE PRESENCE OF A BLOOD VESSEL OR PERIPHERAL NERVE IMPLANT INDUCES TROPHIC RESPONSES IN LESIONED RAT RETINA Neurosciences Abstracts, 1985, 335(18), 1149
2. Grice, S.E., Chappell, E.T., Prough, D.S., Watkins, W.D., and Whitley, J.M. IBUPROFEN IMPROVES CEREBRAL BLOOD FLOW AFTER GLOBAL CEREBRAL ISCHEMIA IN DOGS Anesthesiology Review, 1986, 13(24)
3. Bertels, N.H., Prough, D.S., Stump, S.A., Phipps, J., and Chappell, E.T. CEREBROVASCULAR REACTIVITY TO CARBON DIOXIDE IS PRESERVED IN CLINICAL SEPSIS Anesthesiology Review, 1987, 14(5), 42-3 (Also published in Anesthesiology, 1987, 67(3A), A414)
4. Bertels, N.H., Stump, D.A., Prough, D.S., Chappell, E.T., and Coker, L. CEREBROVASCULAR REACTIVITY TO CARBON DIOXIDE FOLLOWING CARDIAC ARREST IN HUMANS Anesthesiology Review, 1987, 14(5), 46-7
5. Chappell, E.T and Guthrie, B.L. THE ROLE OF STEREOTACTIC BIOPSY IN THE MANAGEMENT OF FOCAL BRAIN LESIONS IN AIDS J AIDS, 1991, 4(3), 352
6. Chappell, E.T., Guthrie, B.L., and Carabell, S. THE BENEFIT OF IMMEDIATE RESECTION AFTER INTERSTITIAL BRACHYTHERAPY J. Neurosurgery, 1991, 74(2), 338 (#1312)
7. Chappell, E.T., Guthrie, B.L., Goldberg, W.J., and Bernstein, J.J. A TUMOR-ASSOCIATED CELL SURFACE PROTEASE IN HUMAN ASTROCYTOMAS Neurosurgery, 1992, 30(5), 804
8. Chappell, E.T., Hatwick, E., Tadvalkar, G., and Anagnostopoulos, A. A CELL SURFACE EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX RECEPTOR (INTEGRIN) IN HUMAN ASTROCYTOMA CELL LINES J. Neurosurgery, 1993, 78(2), 339
9. Litzky, L.A., Schwertz, A.M., Guthrie, B. L., et. al. INTRAOPERATIVE CYTOLOGY OF STEREOTACTIC BRAIN BIOPSIES Laboratory Investigation, 1992, 66(1), 105A (#621)
10. Chappell, E.T., Olding, Michael, Wright, D.C., and Sekhar, L.N. AVOIDANCE AND MANAGEMENT OF SOFT TISSUE NECROSIS AND CEREBROSPINAL FLUID FISTULA AFTER SKULL BASE SURGERY Second International Skull Base Congress, San Diego, CA, June, 1996 (#1064)
11. Wrobel, C.J., Taylor, W.R., Chappell, T., and Tantuwaya, L.S. TWENTY CASES OF COCCIDIOIDOMYCOSIS INVOLVING THE SPINE: CLINICAL PRESENTATION, RADIOLOGICAL FINDINGS, AND TREATMENT RESULTS J. Neurosurgery, 1997, 86(2), 371A (#771)
12. Harris, O., Castro Moure, F., and Chappell, E.T. THE USE OF LATERAL LIMITED FLEXION-EXTENSION VIEWS OF THE CERVICAL SPINE IN PATIENTS WITH SEVERE TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY Winner of Synthesis Resident Presentation Award at the 2001 meeting of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons in Toronto, Canada
13. Berman A.B., Manning M, Chappell E.T. A COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF FLUID LEAKAGE AT INCREASING INTRACRANIAL PRESSURES FOLLOWING THE SUTURELESS IMPLANTATION OF TWO DURA SUBSTITUTE MATERIALS IN A RABBIT MODEL. Congress of Neurological Surgeons 54th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA, October 2004
14. Chappell E.T., Pare L., Salepour M., MINIMAL ACCESS POSTERIOR EXPOSURE FOR NON-DEGENERATIVE SPINAL PATHOLOGY. TECHNICAL NOTE. Congress of Neurological Surgeons 55th Annual Meeting, Boston, Mass., October, 2005
15. Chappell ET, Pare L, Middelhof C, PRECLUDE MVPTM SYNTHETIC DURAL SUBSTITUTE APPLIED AS A NON-WATERTIGHT “UNDERLAY” GRAFT FOR CRANIOTOMIES. Congress of Neurological Surgeons 55th Annual Meeting, Boston, Mass., October, 2005
16. Yu W, Kostanian V, Chappell T, Stradling D, Hasso A, and Tsai F. HIGH PREVALENCE OF INTRACRANIAL VERTEBRAL ARTERY DISSECTION IN PATIENTS WITH NONANEURYSMAL SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE. 4th Annual Neurocritical Care Society Meeting, November 4-5, 2006. Baltimore, MD.


ARTICLES

1. LeVere, T.E., Chappell, E.T., and LeVere, N.D. RECOVERY OF FUNCTION AFTER BRAIN DAMAGE: ON WITHDRAWALS FROM THE MEMORY BANK Physiological Psychology, 1984, 12(4), 275-279
2. Turner, J.E., Blair, J.R., and Chappell, E.T. PERIPHERAL NERVE IMPLANTATION INTO A PENETRATING LESION OF THE EYE: STIMULATION OF THE DAMAGE RETINA Brain Research, 1986, 376, 246-254
3. Grice, S.C., Chappell, E.T., Prough, D.S., Whitley, J.M., Su, M., and Watkins, W.D. IBUPROFEN IMPROVES CEREBRAL BLOOD FLOW AFTER GLOBAL CEREBRAL ISCHEMIA IN DOGS Stroke, 1987, 18(4), 787-91
4. Turner, J.E., Blair, J.R., and Chappell, E.T. PERIPHERAL NERVE IMPLANT EFFECTS ON SURVIVAL OF RETINAL GANGLION LAYER CELLS AFTER AXOTOMY INITIATED BY A PENETRATING LESION Brain Research, 1987, 419:46-54
5. Turner, J.E., Blair, J.R., and Chappell, E.T. SUCCESSFUL GRAFTING OF EMBRYONIC RAT RETINAL TISSUE INTO THE LESION SITE OF AN ADULT HOST RETINA In: Cell and Tissue Transplantation into the Adult Brain, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1987, 495, 797-9
6. Chappell, E.T. and LeVere, T.E. RECOVERY OF FUNCTION AFTER BRAIN DAMAGE: THE CHRONIC CONSEQUENCE OF LARGE NEOCORTICAL INJURIES Behavioral Neuroscience, 1988, 102(5), 778-83
7. Turner, J.E., Blair, J.R., Seiler, M., Armant, R., Laedtke, T.W., Chappell, E.T., and Clarkson, L.M. RETINAL TRANSPLANTATION AND OPTIC NERVE BRIDGES: POSSIBLE STRATEGIES FOR VISUAL RECOVERY AS A RESULT OF TRAUMA OR DISEASE, (REVIEW) International Review of Neurobiology, Academic Press, 1988, 29, 281-308
8. Chappell, E.T. and Guthrie, B.L. THE ROLE OF STEREOTACTIC BRAIN BIOPSY IN AIDS Neurosurgery, 1992, 30(6), 825-829
9. Keller, T and Chappell, T. HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE: THE RISE AND FALL OF ERICHSEN’S DISEASE (RAILROAD SPINE) Spine, 21(13), 1597-1601
10. Keller, T.M., Schweitzer, J.S., Helfend, L.K., and Chappell, T. TREATMENT OF PROGRESSIVE CERVICAL SPINAL INSTABILITY SECONDARY TO HYDATID DISEASE Spine, 1997, 22(8), 915-19
11. Kelly, D.F., Goodale, D.B., Williams, J., Herr, D.L. Chappell, E.T. PROPOFOL IN THE TREATMENT OF MODERATE AND SEVERE HEAD INJURY: A RANDOMIZED, PROSPECTIVE DOUBLE-BLINDED PILOT TRIAL J. Neurosurgery, 1999. 90(6), 1042-1052
12. Wrobel, C.J., Chappell, E.T., Taylor, W. CLINICAL PRESENTATION, RADIOLOGIC FINDINGS, AND TREATMENT RESULTS OF COCCIDIOIDOMYCOSIS INVOLVING THE SPINE: REPORT ON TWENTY-THREE CASES. J. Neurosurgery (Spine 1) 2001. 95, 33-39
13. Chappell, E.T., Moure, F.C., Good, M.C. COMPARISON OF COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHIC ANGIOGRAPHY WITH DIGITAL SUBTRACTION ANGIOGRAPHY IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF CEREBRAL ANEURYSMS: A META-ANALYSIS. Neurosurgery 2003, 52, (3), 624-631
14. Chappell, E.T., Paré L., Dolich M.O., Lekawa M.E., Salepour M. FRAMELESS STEREOTAXY TO FACILITATE ANTERIOR-LATERAL THORACULUMBAR SURGERY. Operative Neurosurgery, 2005, 56(1), 110-116
15. Mathews, M.S., Newman, R.S., Chappell, E.T. MANAGEMENT OF COAGULOPATHY IN THE SETTING OF ACUTE NEUROSURGICAL DISEASE AND INJURY. (Review article). Neurocritical Care, 2006;5(2):141-52.
16. Mathews, M.S., Yu, W., Chappell, E.T. SPONTANEOUS SUBDURAL HEMATOMA IN THE SETTING OF IMMUNE THROMBOCYTOPENIA COMPLICATED BY ISCHEMIC INFARCTS. Neuroradiology Journal, 2007, 20: 224-227


BOOK CHAPTERS
1. Turner, J.R., Blair, J.R., and Chappell, E.T. RETINAL TRANSPLANTATION: SUCCESSFUL GRAFTING OF EMBRYONIC RAT RETINAL TISSUE INTO THE LESION SITE OF AN ADULT HOST RETINA In: Eric K. Fernstrom Symposium on Signal Systems in the Normal and Degenerating Retina B. Ehinger (ed.), Elsevier Science Pub., 1986, 301-309
2. Turner, J.R., Chappell, E.T., and Blair, J.R. ARTERY IMPLANT GROWTH THROUGH A PENETRATING LESION OF THE EYE: STIMULATION OF THE DAMAGED RETINA Regeneration and Development: The proceedings of the 6th International Marcus Singer Symposium, S. Inoue, et. al. (eds.) Okada Pub. Co., Maebashi, Japan, 1988, 333-342
3. Chappell, E.T. and Guthrie, B.L. THE NEUROSURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF HIV-RELATED BRAIN LESIONS IN: OPERATIVE NEUROSURGICAL TECHNIQUES: INDICATIONS, METHODS, AND RESULTS. (3rd ed.) HH Schmidek and WH Sweet (eds) W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1993
4. Findlay, J.M. and Chappell, E.T. CEREBROVASCULAR SURGERY Evidence-Based Neurosurgery, SJ Haines and BC Walters (eds) Thieme, New York, 2006, 105-128

CASE REPORTS
1. Keller, T.M., Hirvela, E.R., Williams,V.L., and Chappell, T. PONTINE-CROSSED PARALYSIS CONSEQUENT TO MULTIPLE TRAUMA: CASE REPORT J of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care, 1996, 41(5), 923-925
2. Keller, T., Goldstein, L. and Chappell, T. “GAMEKEEPER’S THUMB” VARIANT, COMPLICATED BY REFLEX SYMPATHETIC DYSTROPHY J of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care, 1996, 40(4), 660-662
3. Keller, T.M. and Chappell, E.T. SPONTANEOUS ACUTE SUBDURAL HEMATOMA PRECIPITATED BY COCAINE ABUSE Surgical Neurology, 1997, 47, 12-15
4. Keller, T.M., Watson, J., Goldstein, L., Chappell, T. AN UNUSUAL PENETRATING NECK WOUND BY A GOLF CLUB: PRECISE FORENSIC IMAGING J of Forensic Science, 1997, 42(4), 733-5
5. Tawfilis, A.R., Chappell, T.C., Farhood. ALLOPLASTIC RECONSTRUCTION OF A TEMPORAL BONE AND GLENDOID FOSSA DEFECT: A CASE REPORT. J Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, 2002, 60(9), 1079-1082
6. Chappell ET, Pare L, Salepour M. FLUOROSCOPIC IMAGE GUIDANCE FOR MINIMALLY INVASIVE EXTRACTION OF A BULLET FROM THE GLUTEUS MAXIMUS. J Trauma, 2006, 60:

MAJOR PRESENTATIONS
1. Chappell, E.T. and Guthrie, B.L. THE ROLE OF STEREOTACTIC BRAIN BIOPSY IN AIDS. Presented in open session at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Meeting in Los Angeles, California – October, 1990
2. Chappell, E.T., Guthrie, B.L. and Carabell, S. THE BENEFIT OF IMMEDIATE RESECTION AFTER INTERSTITIAL BRACHYTHERAPY. Poster session at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons in New Orleans, Louisiana – April, 1991 and platform presentation at the International Meeting of Neurosurgical Societies in Acapulco, Mexico – October 1993.
3. Chappell, E.T. and Guthrie, B.L., Goldberg, W.J., and Bernstein, J.J. A TUMOR-ASSOCIATED CELL SURFACE PROTEASE IN HUMAN ASTROCYTOMAS. Presented for induction into the Research Society of Neurological Surgeons in Farmington, CT – May 1992 and at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Meeting in Boston, MA – April, 1993.
4. Chappell, E.T., Hartwick, E., Tadvalkar, G., Anagostopoulos, A. A CELL SURFACE-EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX RECEPTOR (INTEGRIN) IN HUMAN GLIOMA CELL LINES. Presented at the Fifth Neuro-Oncology Meeting in Hunstville, Ontario – June, 1992 and the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Meeting in Boston, MA – April, 1993. (Also presented at the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies, Acapulco, Mexico – October, 1993)
5. Chappell, E.T., Olding, Michael, Wright, D.C., and Sekhar, L.N. AVOIDANCE AND MANAGEMENT OF SOFT TISSUE NECROSIS AND CEREBROSPINAL FLUID FISTULA AFTER SKULL BASE SURGERY Second International Skull Base Congress, San Diego, CA, June, 1996 (#1064)
6. Wrobel, C.J., Taylor, W.R., Chappell, T., and Tantuwaya, L.S. TWENTY CASES OF COCCIDIOIDOMYCOSIS INVOLVING THE SPINE: CLINICAL PRESENTATION, RADIOLOGICAL FINDINGS, AND TREATMENT RESULTS J. Neurosurgery, 1997, 86(2), 371A (#771)
7. Chappell, E.T. A FEW NEW TRICKS FOR OLD DOGS OF MINIMALLY INVASIVE AND IMAGE GUIDED SPINE SURGERY. Western Neurosurgical Society 50th Annual Meeting, Scientific Program, San Diego, CA, September 2004

COMMUNITY SERVICE
Board Member – ABILITY Awareness

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR FOR SITE IN MULTI-CENTER TRIALS
Hypopituitarism after Head Injury. Principal Investigator: Dan Kelly, MD, UCLA Department of Neurosurgery. NIH Grant.
Comparison of 2% propofol with EDTA to Intravenous Morphine Sulfate in the Sedation of Patients with Severe Traumatic Brain Injury. Zeneca Pharmaceuticals, 1995 – 1996.
A Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled, Multicenter Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of a Single Intravenous Dose of CP-101, 606 in Subjects with Severe Head Injury Pfizer, Inc, 1999 – 2001

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATORSHIPS
HS2002-2626: Acquisition of Human Brain Tumor tissue Samples for Molecular Cell Biology Studies
HS2003-2993: A Prospective Multi Center Evaluation of PRECLUDE MVP Dura Substitute in Intracranial Dural Repair (W.L. Gore & Associates, Inc.)

CO-INVESTIGATORSHIPS
HS2003-3063: Effects of Photodynamic Therapy on Human Glioma Spheroids
HS2003-3167: Intracranial Pressure Waveform Analysis
HS2004-3574: A Phase III Randomized Trial of the Role of Whole Brain Radiation Therapy in Addition to Radiosurgery in the Management of Patients with One to Three Cerebral MetastasisEDITORIAL POSITIONS
Archives of Surgery, 1994 – 1996, 1997 – 2001
(other occasional invitations; e.g., Head and Face Medicine)

COURSE INSTRUCTION
Physician Assessment and Clinical Evaluation (PACE) program Instructor
Pain Management Symposium – annual event sponsored by UCI Instructor

INVITED LECTURES
1. “DIAGNOSIS AND CURRENT TREATMENTS OF BRAIN TUMORS: MALIGNANT AND METASTATIC”: Chapman Medical Center, July 9, 2001 – CME Program
2. “INTERVENTIONAL TREATMENT OF BACK PAIN: Fountain Valley Regional Hospital, October 26, 2001 – CME Program
3. “CEREBRAL METASTATIC DISEASE”: Chapman Medical Center, December 2, 2002 – CME Program
4. “NEUROTRAUMA CPP PROTOCOLS” Critical Care Class. Department of Nursing, UCI Medical Center, June 8, 2004, CEU offered
5. “INTERVENTIONAL TREATMENT OF BACK PAIN”: Medical education Speakers Network, Community Memorial Hospital, Ventura, CA, July 27, 2004 – CME Program
6. “PAIN CRUISE”: Holland America Cruise Line, Mexican Riviera, Dec. 10-17, 2005 – UCI CME Program

INVITED BOOK REVIEWS
1. “IMAGING CEREBROVASCULAR DISEASE” by Viken L. Babikian, Lawrence R. Wechster, and Randall T. Higashida. Journal of Neurosurgery, July 2003.

EXTRAMURAL COURSE INSTRUCTION
1. Interpore Cross Training Course, “Osteoplasty Training”, Faculty Member Instructor, UCLA Medical Center, March 26, 2003.
2. Interpore Cross Training Course, “Vertebroplasty Training”, Chicago, IL, September 20, 2003.
3. Interpore Cross Training Course, “Minimally Invasive Training” , Celebration, FL, September 27-28, 2003

TECHNICAL CONSULTANT POSITIONS
(disclaimer: receive no direct compensation)
1. Inner Space, Inc.
2933 Pullman
Santa Ana, CA 92705
(949) 752-8672
Don Bobo
2. Beta Test Site Co-director, Fluoro Merge Software
Medtronic Corp., Inc.
3. Interpore Cross
Vertebroplasty Faculty
4. Mike Rosson, RN, CPTC
Onelegacy
1701 Orange Tree Lane
Redlands, CA 92374
5. W.L. Gore & Associates, Inc.
3450 West Kiltie Lane
Flagstaff, AZ 86001

INVITED THINK TANKS
1. Western Area Think Tank, Medtronic Sofamor Danek, Sunriver, OR, August 2-5, 2001
2. New Frontiers & Current Advances in Spine Surgery, Coral Gables, FL, November 7-8, 2003